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Impact of Devolution on Enrolment Rate at Primary School Level in Selected Districts of the Punjab


Analyzing the impact of devolution policy on enrollment rates within the province of Punjab, Pakistan and highlighting the need to adopt decentralized approach further down the hierarchical level. 

The study aims to highlight the impact of devolution on enrollment rate at primary level within various districts of Punjab ranging from ones that report high literacy rate to those that report low literacy rates. The study also explores the increase or decrease in gender primary enrollment rate as result of devolution policy adopted in Pakistan. Data generated from Program Monitoring and Implementation Unit (PMIU) reveals that the effect of decentralization on enrollment and literacy rate are more prominent in rural areas of Bahawalnager and Mianwali as opposed to developed regions of Lahore and Attock. Within Lahore, urban enrollment rates are relatively higher than rural enrollment rates and the study holds that government must expend effort in order to determine the reasons for lack of participation within rural areas.

The study recommends that an emphasis on school management along with greater participation from stakeholders in decision making process can allow the country to enhance the quality of education. The paper concludes with important implications for Pakistan’s education system and believes that in light of the recent success of devolution policy attempts must be made to adopt a more decentralized approach at lower hierarchical level. Devolution of education system allows the local community and primary stakeholders to have a say in the decision making process and this ultimately enhances the efficiency and quality of education system.

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